Health care reform is directing clinical practice towards improving outcomes and minimizing complications. Preoperative identification of high-risk patients and modifiable risk factors present opportunity for clinical research. A total of 49,475 total hip arthroplasty patients were identified from National Surgical Quality Improvement Program between 2006 and 2013. We compared morbidly obese patients (BMI≥40kg/m2) and non-morbidly obese patients (BMI 18.5-40kg/m2). We also compared patients with hypoalbuminemia (serum albumin <3.5 g/dL) against those with normal albumin. Our study demonstrates that hypoalbuminemia is a significant risk factor for mortality and major morbidity among total hip arthroplasty patients, while morbid obesity was only associated with an increased risk of superficial surgical site infection. Impressively, hypoalbuminemia patients carried a 5.94-fold risk of 30-day mortality.
- Morbid obesity
- Total hip arthroplasty
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine