HYPER: pre-clinical device for spatially-confined magnetic particle hyperthermia

Hayden Carlton, Matthias Weber, Maximilian Peters, Nageshwar Arepally, Yash Sharad Lad, Anshul Jaswal, Robert Ivkov, Anilchandra Attaluri, Patrick Goodwill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Magnetic particle hyperthermia is an approved cancer treatment that harnesses thermal energy generated by magnetic nanoparticles when they are exposed to an alternating magnetic field (AMF). Thermal stress is either directly cytotoxic or increases the susceptibility of cancer cells to standard therapies, such as radiation. As with other thermal therapies, the challenge with nanoparticle hyperthermia is controlling energy delivery. Here, we describe the design and implementation of a prototype pre-clinical device, called HYPER, that achieves spatially confined nanoparticle heating within a user-selected volume and location. Design: Spatial control of nanoparticle heating was achieved by placing an AMF generating coil (340 kHz, 0–15 mT), between two opposing permanent magnets. The relative positions between the magnets determined the magnetic field gradient (0.7 T/m–2.3 T/m), which in turn governed the volume of the field free region (FFR) between them (0.8–35 cm3). Both the gradient value and position of the FFR within the AMF ([−14, 14]x, [−18, 18]y, [−30, 30]z) mm are values selected by the user via the graphical user interface (GUI). The software then controls linear actuators that move the static magnets to adjust the position of the FFR in 3D space based on user input. Within the FFR, the nanoparticles generate hysteresis heating; however, outside the FFR where the static field is non-negligible, the nanoparticles are unable to generate hysteresis loss power. Verification: We verified the performance of the HYPER to design specifications by independently heating two nanoparticle-rich areas of a phantom placed within the volume occupied by the AMF heating coil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2272067
JournalInternational Journal of Hyperthermia
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023


  • design verification
  • Magnetic particle hyperthermia
  • spatially confined heating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research


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