Hydration status affects sodium, potassium, and chloride transport across rat urothelia

David A. Spector, Jie Deng, Kerry J. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Recent data suggest possible net transport of urinary constituents across mammalian urinary tract epithelia (urothelia). To evaluate the effect of animal hydration status on such transport, we instilled urine collected during 2-day water deprivation, water loading, or ad libitum water intake into isolated in situ bladder(s) of groups of rats undergoing one of the same three hydration states. After 1-h bladder dwell, we retrieved the urine and measured differences in volume and solute concentrations between instilled and retrieved urine. We previously reported results regarding changes in urine volume and net urea and creatinine transport and herein report the results of net urinary sodium, potassium, and chloride transport in the same animals. During water-loading conditions, urinary concentrations of Na, K, and Cl rose 4.9 (30.7%), 2.6 (16.5%), and 6.0 meq/l (26.8%), respectively, indicating urothelial secretion into urine. During ad libitum water intake, urinary K and Cl concentrations fell 33.6 (14.8%) and 28.4 meq/l (12%), respectively (Na did not change), and during water deprivation urine Na, K, and Cl concentrations fell dramatically by 53.2 (18.6%), 159.4 (34.6%) and 133.7 meq/l (33.8%), respectively, reflecting urothelial reabsorption of each ion. For each ionic species, two factors independently influenced transport: instilled urinary ion concentration and animal hydra-tion state. These results demonstrate significant regulated ion transport across mammalian urothelia, support the notion that lower urinary tract modifies final urine, and suggest that the lower urinary tract may play a role in local and whole animal solute homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F1669-F1679
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 2013


  • Bladder
  • Epithelial
  • Solute transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology


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