Homicide death in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 2005.

Anne H. Outwater, Jacquelyn C. Campbell, Edward Mgaya, Alison G. Abraham, Linna Kinabo, Method Kazaura, Joan Kub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Violence disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries. Deeper understanding is needed in areas where little research has occurred. The objectives of the study were to: (a) ascertain rate of homicide death; (b) describe the victims and circumstances surrounding their deaths in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in 2005. This study was developed by adapting the WHO/CDC Injury Surveillance Guidelines (Holder et al., 2001). Data on 12 variables were collected on all homicide deaths. Descriptive statistics and hypothesis tests were done when appropriate. Age standardised, age-specific and cause-specific mortality rates are presented. The overall homicide rate was 12.57 (males and females respectively: 22.26 and 2.64). Homicide deaths were 93.4% male, mostly unemployed, with a mean age of 28.2 years. Most deaths occurred in urban areas. Mob violence was the cause of 57% of deaths. The risk of homicide death for males was greater than the world average, but for females it was less. Most homicides were committed by community members policing against thieves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-252
Number of pages10
JournalInternational journal of injury control and safety promotion
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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