HLA alleles and haplotypes among the lakota sioux: Report of the ASHI minority workshops, part III

Mary S. Leffell, M. Daniele Fallin, William H. Hildebrand, Joshua W. Cavett, Brian A. Iglehart, Andrea A. Zachary

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36 Scopus citations


Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and II alleles were defined for 302 Lakota Sioux American Indians as part of the American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics coordinated studies on minority populations. The study group was comprised of adult volunteers from the Cheyenne River and Ogala Sioux tribes residing, respectively, on the Cheyenne River and Pine Ridge Reservations in South Dakota. Of the participants, 263 (87%) claimed full American Indian ancestry through both maternal and paternal grandparents. The study group included 25 nuclear families that were informative for genotyping. HLA phenotypes from 202 adults with no other known first-degree relative included in the study were used for calculation of allele and haplotype frequencies by maximum likelihood estimation. HLA-A, -B, and -Cw alleles were found to be in Hardy Weinberg equilibrium. Deviation from equilibrium was observed for DRB1 alleles (p = 0.01), but could be attributed to the sample size and the occurrence of some genotypes with low expected frequencies. Polymorphism among the Sioux was limited with four to seven alleles comprising > 80% of those observed at each locus. Several alleles were found at high frequency (0.05-0.30) among the Sioux that are also prevalent in other Native Americans and Alaska Natives, including: A*2402, *3101, and *0206; B*3501, *3901, *5101, and *2705; Cw*0702, *0404, and *03041; DRB1*0407, *0404, *1402, and *16021; and DQB1*0301, *0302, and *0402. DRB1*0811, which has been only previously described in Navajo and Tlingit Indians, was found to occur at a frequency of 0.119 among the Sioux. Two new alleles were defined among the Sioux: Cw*0204 and DRB1*040703, which were found in two and four individuals, respectively. In the haplotype analyses, significant linkage disequilibrium (p < 0.00001) was seen in all pairwise comparisons of loci and numerous two and three locus haplotypes were found to have strong, positive linkage disequilibrium values. The two most common extended haplotypes among the Sioux, determined by maximum likelihood estimation and genotyping were: A*31012, B*3501, Cw*0404, DRB1*0407; and A*24021, B*3501, Cw*0404, DRB1*0404.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-89
Number of pages12
JournalHuman Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2004


  • American Indian
  • HLA alleles
  • HLA haplotypes
  • Lakota Sioux
  • Native American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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