HIVQUAL-T: Monitoring and improving HIV clinical care in Thailand, 2002-08

Sombat Thanprasertsuk, Somsak Supawitkul, Rangsima Lolekha, Peeramon Ningsanond, Bruce D. Agins, Michelle S. Mcconnell, Kimberley K. Fox, Saowanee Srisongsom, Suchin Chunwimaleung, Robert Gass, Nicole Simmons, Achara Chaovavanich, Supunnee Jirajariyavej, Tasana Leusaree, Somsak Akksilp, Philip A. Mock, Sanchai Chasombat, Cheewanan Lertpiriyasuwat, Jordan W. Tappero, William C. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Objective: We report experience of HIVQUAL-T implementation in Thailand. Design: Program evaluation. Setting: Twelve government hospital clinics. Participants: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLHAs) aged ≥15 years with two or more visits to the hospitals during 2002-08. Intervention: HIVQUAL-T is a process for HIV care performance measurement (PM) and quality improvement (QI). The program includes PM using a sample of eligible cases and establishment of a locally led QI infrastructure and process. PM indicators are based on Thai national HIV care guidelines. QI projects address needs identified through PM; regional workshops facilitate peer learning. Annual benchmarking with repeat measurement is used to monitor progress. Main Outcome Measure: Percentages of eligible cases receiving various HIV services. Results: Across 12 participating hospitals, HIV care caseloads were 4855 in 2002 and 13 887 in 2008. On average, 10-15% of cases were included in the PM sample. Percentages of eligible cases receiving CD4 testing in 2002 and 2008, respectively, were 24 and 99% (P<0.001); for ARV treatment, 100 and 90% (P = 0.74); for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia prophylaxis, 94 and 93% (P = 0.95); for Papanicolau smear, 0 and 67% (P<0.001); for syphilis screening, 0 and 94% (P<0.001); and for tuberculosis screening, 24 and 99% (P<0.01). PM results contributed to local QI projects and national policy changes. Conclusions: Hospitals participating in HIVQUAL-T significantly increased their performance in several fundamental areas of HIV care linked to health outcomes for PLHA. This model of PM-QI has improved clinical care and implementation of HIV guidelines in hospital-based clinics in Thailand.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-347
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal for Quality in Health Care
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Performance measurement
  • Quality improvement
  • Thailand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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