HIV/AIDS in women: An expanding epidemic

Thomas C. Quinn, Julie Overbaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

283 Scopus citations


More than 20 years into the human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) epidemic, women account for nearly half of the 40 million people living with HIV-1 worldwide, with an even higher proportion existing in developing countries. Social determinants of female vulnerability to HIV-1 include gender disparities, poverty, cultural and sexual norms, lack of education, and violence. Women are also more susceptible to HIV-1 because of hormonal changes, vaginal microbial ecology and physiology, and a higher prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases. Prevention strategies must address the wide range of gender inequalities that promote the dissemination of HIV-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1582-1583
Number of pages2
Issue number5728
StatePublished - Jun 10 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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