HIV Prevention Among Transgender Populations: Knowledge Gaps and Evidence for Action

Tonia Poteat, Mannat Malik, Ayden Scheim, Ayana Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: The purpose of this review is to summarize the available evidence-based HIV prevention interventions tailored for transgender people. Recent Findings: A limited number of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions have been tested with transgender populations. Most existing interventions target behavior change among transgender women, with only one HIV prevention program evaluated for transgender men. Studies addressing biomedical interventions for transgender women are ongoing. Few interventions address social and structural barriers to HIV prevention, such as stigma, discrimination, and poverty. Summary: Evidence-based multi-level interventions that address the structural, biomedical, and behavioral risks for HIV among transgender populations, including transgender men, are needed to address disparities in HIV prevalence. Future research should address not only pre-exposure prophylaxis uptake and condom use but also structural barriers that limit access to these prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-152
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent HIV/AIDS reports
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017


  • Behavioral interventions
  • Biomedical interventions
  • HIV prevention
  • Stigma
  • Structural determinants
  • Transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases


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