Background: Several authors have found poorer outcome after hip replacement for osteonecrosis than after hip replacement for arthrosis. In a retrospective study we evaluated the performance of an uncemented femoral component in patients with osteonecrosis and arthrosis of the hip. Patients and methods: 31 patients operated for osteonecrosis, and 49 patients operated for osteoarthrosis were included. The median follow-up time was 6.1 (2-11) years for the patients with osteonecrosis, and 5.9 (4-8) for the arthrosis patients. Results: Migration analysis performed by the Einzel-Bild-Roentgen Analysis (EBRA) technique revealed a median stem migration of 1.5 (-8.8-0) mm in the patients with osteonecrosis, but only 0.6 (-2.8-0.7) mm in the patients with arthrosis (p < 0.001). Survivorship analysis with stem revision as endpoint for failure was 74% (95% CI: 55-94) in the osteonecrosis, and 98% (95% CI: 94-100) in the arthrosis group (p = 0.01). Interpretation: We suggest that the higher failure rate and stem migration of uncemented total hip replacement in the patients with osteonecrosis is a consequence of the disease. On the basis of these findings, we recommend close monitoring of the patients with osteonecrosis, which should include migration measurements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine