High-sensitivity troponins and mortality in the general population

John W. Mcevoy, Natalie Daya, Olive Tang, Michael Fang, Chiadi E. Ndumele, Josef Coresh, Robert H. Christenson, Elizabeth Selvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aims: Cardiac troponin T and I can be measured using a number of high-sensitivity (hs) assays. This study aimed to characterize correlations between four such assays and test their comparative associations with mortality. Methods and results: Among adults without cardiovascular disease in the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, hs-troponin T was measured using one assay (Roche) and hs-troponin I using three assays (Abbott, Siemens, and Ortho). Cox regression was used to estimate associations with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Pearson's correlation coefficients comparing concentrations from each assay ranged from 0.53 to 0.77. There were 2188 deaths (488 cardiovascular) among 9810 participants. Each hs-troponin assay [log-transformed, per 1 standard deviation (SD)] was independently associated with all-cause mortality: hazard ratio (HR) 1.20 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.13-1.28] for Abbott hs-troponin I; HR 1.10 (95% CI 1.02-1.18) for Siemens hs-troponin I; HR 1.23 (95% CI 1.14-1.33) for Ortho hs-troponin I; and HR 1.31 (95% CI 1.21-1.42) for Roche hs-troponin T. Each hs-troponin assay was also independently associated with cardiovascular mortality (HR 1.44 to 1.65 per 1 SD). Associations of hs-troponin T and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality remained significant after adjusting for hs-troponin I. Furthermore, associations of hs-troponin I remained significant after mutually adjusting for hs-troponin I from the other individual assays: e.g. cardiovascular mortality HR 1.46 (95% CI 1.19-1.79) for Abbott after adjustment for the Siemens assay and HR 1.29 (95% CI 1.09-1.53) for Abbott after adjustment for the Ortho assay. Conclusion: This study demonstrates only modest correlations between hs-troponin T and three hs-troponin I assays and that hs-troponin I assays can provide distinct risk information for mortality in the general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2595-2605
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean heart journal
Issue number28
StatePublished - Jul 21 2023


  • All-cause mortality
  • Cardiovascular mortality
  • High-sensitivity cardiac troponin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'High-sensitivity troponins and mortality in the general population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this