High-resolution OCT balloon imaging catheter with astigmatism correction

Jiefeng Xi, Li Huo, Yicong Wu, Michael J. Cobb, Joo Ha Hwang, Xingde Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


We report new optics designs for an optical coherence tomography (OCT) balloon imaging catheter to achieve diffraction-limited high resolution at a large working distance and enable the correction of severe astigmatism in the catheter. The designs employed a 1 mm diameter gradient-index lens of a properly chosen pitch number and a glass rod spacer to fully utilize the available NA of the miniature optics. Astigmatism caused by the balloon tubing was analyzed, and a method based on a cylindrical reflector was proposed and demonstrated to compensate the astigmatism. A catheter based on the new designs was successfully developed with a measured diffraction-limited lateral resolution of ∼21 μm, a working distance of ∼ 11-12 mm, and a round-shape beam profile. The performance of the OCT balloon catheter was demonstrated by 3D fullcircumferential imaging of a swine esophagus in vivo along with a high-speed, Fourier-domain, mode-locked swept-source OCT system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1943-1945
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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