High-resolution MR imaging of the proximal zone of the lunotriquetral ligament with a microscopy coil

Hiroshi Yoshioka, Toshikazu Tanaka, Teruko Ueno, Masashi Shindo, John A. Carrino, Philipp Lang, Carl S. Winalski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate high-resolution MRI of the proximal zone of the lunotriquetral ligament (LTL) using a microscopy surface coil with a 1.5 T scanner. Design and subjects: The proximal zone of the LTL was reviewed in 90 subjects (23 asymptomatic normal volunteers and 67 patients with suspicion of triangular fibrocartilage complex injury) with high-resolution MRI using a 47-mm microscopy surface coil. High-resolution MR images were obtained with gradient recalled echo (GRE) T2*-weighted sequence and short tau inversion recovery imaging, with a 1- to 1.5-mm slice thickness, a 50-mm field of view, an imaging matrix of 140-224×512 using zero fill interpolation, and 3-4 excitations. As a qualitative analysis, the LTL was classified in shape and signal intensity. Results: The triangle-shaped low-signal-intensity LTL was identified in 77 of 90 subjects (85.6%) on GRE images. The triangle was classified as regular (41.1%), broad-based (20.0%), narrow-based (6.7%), or asymmetrical (17.8%). The bar-shaped ligament was seen in one patient, and unclassified ligaments were seen in 12 patients. All volunteers showed triangle-shaped LTL. The MR signal intensity of the proximal zone in the LTL was characterized as homogeneously low intensity (type 1; 33.8%), linear intermediate or high signal intensity traversing the distal surface of the LTL (type 2; 45.5%), and linear intermediate or high intensity traversing both distal and proximal surfaces of LTL (type 3; 20.8%). Conclusion: The proximal zone of the LTL showed a broad spectrum of normal variations in shape and signal intensity on high-resolution MR images with a microscopy coil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-294
Number of pages7
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • High-resolution MRI
  • Lunotriquetral ligament
  • Microscopy coil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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