Heritability study on size of the physiologic cup of the optic nerve head. A summary report

J. T. Schwartz, F. H. Reuling, M. Feinleib

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2 Scopus citations


Cupping of the optic nerve head is regarded as one of a triad of diagnostic signs associated with glaucoma. This study was undertaken to assess the role of genetic factors in determining size of the physiologic cup of the normal optic nerve head, as measured by a horizontal cup/disc ratio. This is important to our ultimate understanding of the determinants of pathologic change. Horizontal cup/disc ratio was estimated in a sample of 37 MZ and 26 like-sex DZ twin pairs aged 15 years and older. Differences between MZ and DZ samples with respect to intrapair variance and intraclass correlation coefficient were highly significant. This finding of high heritability for measurements of cup diameter is in contrast to low heritability estimates found in a companion investigation on heritability of the effect of corticosteroids on intraocular pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-186
Number of pages6
JournalActa Geneticae Medicae et Gemellologiae
VolumeVol. 25
StatePublished - 1976
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)


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