Only a few methods can be applied in a simple manner to estimate the genetic control of autoimmunity in humans. Here we examined the heritability of autoantibodies to two thyroid antigens; thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyroperoxidase (TPO, formerly known as thyroid microsomal antigen), using methods of regression of offspring on mid-parental values (ROMP). With the data sets available, affected and unaffected siblings were compared by this rapid screening method using results determined by hemagglutination (HA). The presence of both types of autoantibodies showed positive heritability in patients with Graves' thyrotoxicosis (TT), but it was not observed in chronic lymphocytic or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (CLT) patients. Since these assays have been extensively used over the years by most diagnostic and research laboratories, they should provide some insight as to which quantifiable parameters may be usefully accumulated to help select groups of patients and their families for further genetic study. ROMP may also be useful to determine the sequential appearance of different types of antibody in predicting disease onset in other family members, and in distinguishing maternal and paternal effects on imprinting. The method may be extended to study epitope spreading and other measures of disease progression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2007|
- Autoimmune thyroiditis
- Graves' disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy