Hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor promotes adhesion of lymphoma cells to extracellular matrix molecules via α4β1 and α51 integrins

Iris S. Weimar, Daphne De Jong, Egbert J. Muller, Toshikazu Nakamura, Joost M.H.H. Van Gorp, Gijsbert C. De Gast, Winald R. Gerritsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/scatter factor (SF) is the ligand for a tyrosine kinase cell surface receptor encoded by the MET protooncogene (c- MET). HGF/SF can induce proliferation and motility in epithelial cells and promotes invasion of carcinoma cells and NIH3T3 fibroblasts transfected with both HGF/SF and c-MET genes. Our results show that HGF/SF and c-MET also play a role in adhesion and invasion of human lymphoma cells. c-MET mRNA is expressed in hemopoietic cells, such as hemopoietic progenitor cells (CD34+ cells) in bone marrow (BM) and mobilized peripheral blood, immature B cells in cord blood and BM, and germinal center B-centroblasts. In normal peripheral blood B cells, which are c-MET-, c-MET expression was induced by PMA, ConA, HGF/SF, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Using immunohistochemistry, we detected c-MET on the cell surface of large activated centroblasts in lymph nodes from patients with B-non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease. In the latter group, c-MET expression correlated well with the presence of EBV. Because HGF/SF and c-MET promote metastasis of carcinoma cells, we studied the effects of c-MET stimulation by HGF/SF of B-lymphoma cells on properties relevant for metastasis, ie, adhesion, migration, and invasion. HGF/SF stimulated adhesion of the c-MET+ B-cell lines to the extracellular matrix molecules fibronectin (FN) and collagen (CN) in a dose dependent manner. However, adhesion to laminin was not affected by HGF/SF. Adhesion to FN was mediated by β1-integrins α4β1 (VLA4) and α5β (VLA5) since blocking antibodies against β1- (CD29), α4(CD49d), or α5- (CD49e) integrin subunits, completely reversed the effect of HGF/SF. Furthermore, HGF/SF induced adhesion was abrogated by addition of genistein, which blocks protein tyrosine kinases, including c- MET. Addition of HGF/SF resulted in a sixfold increase in migration of c-MET B-lymphoma cells through Matrigel, compared to medium alone. In rat fibroblast cultures, HGF/SF doubled the number of c-MET+ B-lymphoma cells that invaded the fibroblast monolayer. In these adhesion, migration and invasion assays HGF/SF had no effect on c-MET cell lines. In conclusion, c- MET is expressed or can be induced on immature, activated, and certain malignant B cells. HGF/SF increased adhesion of c-MET+ B-lymphoma cells to FN and CN, mediated via β1-integrins α4β1 and α5β1, and furthermore promoted migration and invasion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)990-1000
Number of pages11
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology


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