Hepatitis D-associated hospitalizations in the United States: 2010–2018

Paul Wasuwanich, Catherine W. Striley, Saleem Kamili, Eyasu H. Teshale, Eric C. Seaberg, Wikrom Karnsakul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the United States, hepatitis D is not a reportable condition, leading to gaps in epidemiological and clinical knowledge. We aim to estimate the incidence of hepatitis D-associated hospitalizations in the United States and describe the clinical, demographic and geographic characteristics of those hospitalizations. We utilized hospitalization data from the 2010–2018 National Inpatient Sample from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project. Hepatitis D and hepatitis B only (HBV only) hospitalizations were identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) and International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes. We identified 3825 hepatitis D-associated hospitalizations. The hospitalization rate of hepatitis D was between 6.9 and 20.7 per 10,000,000 but did not change significantly over time. Compared to HBV only, the hepatitis D cohort had a greater proportion of males, Hispanics, hospitalizations in the Northeast region. The hepatitis D-associated hospitalizations also had significantly greater frequencies of liver failure, non-alcoholic cirrhosis, portal hypertension, ascites and thrombocytopenia. While mortality in hepatitis D was similar to that of HBV only, age >65 years (odds ratio [OR] = 3.79; p =.020) and having a diagnosis of alcoholic cirrhosis (OR = 3.37; p =.044) increased the odds of mortality within the hepatitis D cohort. Although the hepatitis D-associated hospitalizations were relatively uncommon, they were associated with severe complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-226
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of viral hepatitis
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • epidemiology
  • liver cirrhosis
  • public health
  • seroepidemiologic studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology
  • Hepatology


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