We observed at autopsy two patients in whom clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding occurred from gastric mucosal tears following closed chest cardiac massage. Review of autopsy files showed that, when the Mallory-Weiss syndrome is excluded, linear mucosal tears along the lesser curvature of the stomach occur in about 2% of patients given cardiopulmonary resuscitation; similar lesions have not been observed in patients not subjected to resuscitation. The localization of the tears along the lesser curvature of the stomach is probably the consequence of the catenoidal configuration of that region. The importance of the mucosal tears lies in their propensity to hemorrhage if resuscitation is successful.
- cardiopulmonary resuscitation, complication
- gastric tear, from CPR
- gastrointestinal bleeding, from CPR
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine