Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients With Primary Immune Regulatory Disorders (PIRD): A Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC) Survey

Alice Y. Chan, Jennifer W. Leiding, Xuerong Liu, Brent R. Logan, Lauri M. Burroughs, Eric J. Allenspach, Suzanne Skoda-Smith, Gulbu Uzel, Luigi D. Notarangelo, Mary Slatter, Andrew R. Gennery, Angela R. Smith, Sung Yun Pai, Michael B. Jordan, Rebecca A. Marsh, Morton J. Cowan, Christopher C. Dvorak, John A. Craddock, Susan E. Prockop, Shanmuganathan ChandrakasanNeena Kapoor, Rebecca H. Buckley, Suhag Parikh, Deepak Chellapandian, Benjamin R. Oshrine, Jeffrey J. Bednarski, Megan A. Cooper, Shalini Shenoy, Blachy J. Davila Saldana, Lisa R. Forbes, Caridad Martinez, Elie Haddad, David C. Shyr, Karin Chen, Kathleen E. Sullivan, Jennifer Heimall, Nicola Wright, Monica Bhatia, Geoffrey D.E. Cuvelier, Frederick D. Goldman, Isabelle Meyts, Holly K. Miller, Markus G. Seidel, Mark T. Vander Lugt, Rosa Bacchetta, Katja G. Weinacht, Jeffrey R. Andolina, Emi Caywood, Hey Chong, Maria Teresa de la Morena, Victor M. Aquino, Evan Shereck, Jolan E. Walter, Morna J. Dorsey, Christine M. Seroogy, Linda M. Griffith, Donald B. Kohn, Jennifer M. Puck, Michael A. Pulsipher, Troy R. Torgerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Primary Immune Regulatory Disorders (PIRD) are an expanding group of diseases caused by gene defects in several different immune pathways, such as regulatory T cell function. Patients with PIRD develop clinical manifestations associated with diminished and exaggerated immune responses. Management of these patients is complicated; oftentimes immunosuppressive therapies are insufficient, and patients may require hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) for treatment. Analysis of HCT data in PIRD patients have previously focused on a single gene defect. This study surveyed transplanted patients with a phenotypic clinical picture consistent with PIRD treated in 33 Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium centers and European centers. Our data showed that PIRD patients often had immunodeficient and autoimmune features affecting multiple organ systems. Transplantation resulted in resolution of disease manifestations in more than half of the patients with an overall 5-years survival of 67%. This study, the first to encompass disorders across the PIRD spectrum, highlights the need for further research in PIRD management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number239
JournalFrontiers in immunology
StatePublished - Feb 21 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • autoimmunity
  • genetics
  • hematopoietic cell transplant
  • immune dysregulation
  • primary immune deficiencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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