Health Disparities in Environmental and Occupational Lung Disease

Emily Brigham, Kassandra Allbright, Drew Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Pulmonary health disparities disproportionately impact disadvantaged and vulnerable populations. This article focuses on disparities in disease prevalence, morbidity, and mortality for asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumoconiosis, and lung cancer. Disparities are categorized by race, age, sex, socioeconomic status, and geographic region. Each category highlights differences in risk factors for the development and severity of lung disease. Risk factors include social, behavioral, economic, and biologic determinants of health (occupational/environmental exposures, psychosocial stressors, smoking, health literacy, health care provider bias, and health care access). Many of these risk factors are complex and inter-related; strategies proposed to decrease disparities require multilevel approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-639
Number of pages17
JournalClinics in Chest Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Environmental health
  • Health disparities
  • Health equity
  • Occupational health
  • Social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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