Government capacity to contract: health sector experience and lessons

Sara Bennett, Anne Mills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Using case-study material of contracting for clinical and ancillary services in the health care sector of developing countries, this article examines the capacities required for successful contracting and the main constraints which developing country governments face in developing and implementing contractual arrangements. Required capacities differ according to the type of service being contracted and the nature of the contractor. Contracting for clincial as opposed to ancillary services poses considerably greater challenges in terms of the information required for monitoring and contract design. Yet, in some of the case-studies examined, problems arose owing to government's limited capacity to perform even very basic functions such as paying contractors in a timely manner and keeping records of contracts negotiated. The external environment within which contracting takes place is also critical; in particular, the case-studies indicate that contracts embedded in slow-moving, rule-ridden bureaucracies will face substantial constraints to successful implementation. The article suggests that governments needs to assess require capacities on a service-by-service basis. For any successful contracting, basic administrative systems must be functioning. In addition, there should be development of guidelines for contracting, clear lines of communication between all agents involved in the contracting process, and regular evaluations of contractal arrangements. Finally, in cases where government has weak capacity, direct service provision may be a lower-risk delivery strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-326
Number of pages20
JournalPublic Administration and Development
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Public Administration


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