GlimmerM, Exonomy and Unveil: Three ab initio eukaryotic genefinders

William H. Majoros, Mihaela Pertea, Corina Antonescu, Steven L. Salzberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


We present three programs for ab initio gene prediction in eukaryotes: Exonomy, Unveil and GlimmerM. Exonomy is a 23-state Generalized Hidden Markov Model (GHMM), Unveil is a 283-state standard Hidden Markov Model (HMM) and GlimmerM is a previously-described genefinder which utilizes decision trees and Interpolated Markov Models (IMMs). All three are readily re-trainable for new organisms and have been found to perform well compared to other genefinders. Results are presented for Arabidopsis thaliana. Cases have been found where each of the genefinders outperforms each of the others, demonstrating the collective value of this ensemble of genefinders. These programs are all accessible through webservers at

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3601-3604
Number of pages4
JournalNucleic acids research
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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