Information from multiple genome scans and collaborative efforts suggests that schizophrenia is a heterogeneous, complex disorder with polygenic and environmental antecedents. In a previous paper we demonstrated that stratification of families on the basis of co-segregating phenotypes (psychotic affective disorders (PAD) and schizophrenia spectrum personality disorders (SSPD) in first-degree relatives of schizophrenic probands increased linkage evidence in the chromosome 8p21 region (D8S1771) among families with co-segregating SSPD. We have now applied a method of conditional analysis of sib-pairs affected with schizophrenia, examining shared alleles identical-by-descent (IBD) at multiple loci. The method yields enhanced evidence for linkage to the chromosome 8p21 region conditioned upon increased allele sharing at a chromosome 14 region. The method produces a more refined estimate of the putative disease locus on chromosome 8p21, narrowing the region from 18cM (95% confidence interval) in our previous genome scan, to approximately 9.6 cM. We have also shown that the affected siblings sharing two alleles IBD at the chromosome 8p21 region and one allele IBD at the chromosome 14 region differ significantly in clinical symptoms from non-sharing affected siblings. Thus the analysis of allele sharing at a putative schizophrenia susceptibility locus conditioned on allele sharing at other loci provides another important method for dealing with heterogeneity.
- Spectrum personality disorders
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience