Genetic analysis of α4 integrin functions in the development of mouse skeletal muscle

Joy T. Yang, Thomas A. Rando, William A. Mohler, Helen Rayburn, Helen M. Blau, Richard O. Hynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


It has been suggested, on the basis of immunolocalization studies in vivo and antibody blocking experiments in vitro, that α4 integrins interacting with vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) are involved in myogenesis and skeletal muscle development. To test this proposal, we generated embryonic stem (ES) cells homozygous null for the gene encoding the α4 subunit and used them to generate chimeric mice. These chimeric mice showed high contributions of α4-null cells in many tissues, including skeletal muscle, and muscles lacking any detectable (<2%) α4-positive cells did not reveal any gross morphological abnormalities. Furthermore, assays for in vitro myogenesis using either pure cultures of α4-null myoblasts derived from the chimeras or α4-null ES cells showed conclusively that α4 integrins are not essential for muscle cell fusion and differentiation. Taking these results together, we conclude that α4 integrins appear not to play essential roles in normal skeletal muscle development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)829-835
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic analysis of α4 integrin functions in the development of mouse skeletal muscle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this