Gene profiling study of G3139- and Bcl-2-targeting siRNAs identifies a unique G3139 molecular signature

E. M. Anderson, P. Miller, D. Ilsley, W. Marshall, A. Khvorova, C. A. Stein, L. Benimetskaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


G3139 is a phosphorothioate oligodeoxyribonucleotide that is targeted to the initiation codon region of the Bcl-2 mRNA, which downregulates Bcl-2 protein and mRNA expression via an antisense mechanism. In previous work, we have demonstrated that the phenotype observed in several prostate and melanoma cell lines after treatment with G3139 appears to be Bcl-2 independent. In contrast, downregulation of Bcl-2 expression by a small interfering RNA (siRNA) produced little or no phenotype change. In the present work, we performed an Agilent oligonucleotide microarray assay on mRNA isolated from PC3 prostate cancer cells that were treated with two different oligonucleotide gene-silencing reagents. G3139 and a Bcl-2-targeting siRNA both downregulate Bcl-2 expression, but via different mechanisms. A side-by-side comparative analysis showed that the expression profile generated by these molecules differs substantially. The study revealed upregulation of the expression of stress-inducible genes in PC3 cells at 1 and 3 days after a 5-h transfection with G3139 complexed with Lipofectamine 2000. In contrast, only a very diminished stress response was seen 1 and 3 days after a 24-h transfection of siRNA/Lipofectamine 2000 complexes. These results highlight the profound differences in off-target effects in cells treated with the phosphorothioate oligonucleotide G3139 and with an siRNA targeted to the same gene, and provide further evidence that the mechanism of action of G3139 is not related to Bcl-2 silencing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-414
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Bcl-2
  • G3139 (Genasense)
  • Microarray
  • Prostate cancer cells
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research


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