Gated cardiac computed tomography with a motion phantom

C. C. Morehouse, W. R. Brody, D. F. Guthaner, R. S. Breiman, G. S. Harell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


CT images of the heart are significantly degraded by the effects of motion during the scanning interval. The use of electrocardiographic (ECG) gating to provide 'stop-action' cardiac images remains limited by artifacts. A motion phantom has been constructed to allow systematic study of the artifact structure of ECG-gated images and to isolate the origins of these artifacts: (a) pinwheel artifacts that appear at the edges of high-contrast moving objects; and (b) linear streaks occurring in relation to missing views when an incomplete angular set of projections is used for image reconstruction with the convolution back-projection algorithm. These results underscore the use of the motion phantom for the analysis of image artifacts and stress the need for new CT reconstruction algorithms which are optimized for 'stop-action' scanning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-217
Number of pages5
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1980
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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