Norman Fost

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


Case narrative Carlos, age 8 months, has been in the intensive care unit, ventilator dependent with status epilepticus, almost continuously for the past 5 months. He has multifocal migrating epilepsy, with seizures originating from both hemispheres. His physicians have either ruled out all known causes of seizures or treated them empirically with no improvement. Control requires general anesthesia (propofol) or complete suppression of cortical function with barbiturate coma. The migratory multifocal origins preclude even radical surgical approaches that are sometimes considered, such as removing an entire cerebral hemisphere, or interrupting the corpus callosum. Experts from other major centers have been consulted and all agree his case is among the worst ever described, and that he has little or no prospect for recovery with meaningful neurologic function. His single mother is insistent that everything be done to keep him alive. She does not trust the doctors and accuses them of wanting to kill Carlos because of cost concerns. She does not profess a religious faith. She seldom visits, and does not want to discuss the issue of withdrawing life-sustaining treatments any more. Carlos’ father is not involved and his maternal grandmother supports Carlos’ mother.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical Ethics in Pediatrics
Subtitle of host publicationA Case-Based Textbook
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780511740336
ISBN (Print)9780521173612
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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