Fungal infections are currently a leading cause of infectious morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing allogeneic blood and marrow transplantation (BMT). Although the introduction of azole antifungals for prophylaxis has had a significant impact on the incidence of candidal infections (especially those caused by C albicans and C tropicalis), invasive aspergillosis has increased in incidence in many centers worldwide. Given the long risk period corresponding with graft-versus-host disease, and the toxicities of currently available mold-active antifungals, the development of a prevention strategy for these angioinvasive molds remains a challenge. The introduction of new antifungal drugs and adjunctive therapy to improve immune function may be beneficial in decreasing mortality associated with these infections in the future. Most importantly, a greater understanding of the pathogenesis of fungal disease and specific host risks is necessary to impact this increasingly important infection in immunocompromised hosts.
- Blood and marrow transplant infections
- Fungal infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases