Functional outcome after hand and forearm transplantation: what can be achieved?

Marina Ninkovic, Annemarie Weissenbacher, Markus Gabl, Gerhard Pierer, Johann Pratschke, Raimund Margreiter, Gerald Brandacher, Stefan Schneeberger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The first successful hand transplant in the modern era of reconstructive transplantation was performed in 1998. Since then, more than 65 hand and upper limb transplantations have been performed around the globe, with encouraging results. The main goal of all upper limb transplantations is to enhance the patient's quality of life. The transplant must be successfully integrated into the patient's body and self-image and the recipient should be satisfied with the recovery of sensitivity and muscle function of the new limb. To achieve these goals, a proper and thorough design of the rehabilitation regimen is of critical importance. Copyright Â

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-465, viii-ix
JournalHand clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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