Corneal endothelium plays an important role in maintaining hydration homeostasis and clarity of the cornea. Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) affects the corneal endothelium resulting in edema and characteristic excrescences on the Descemet’s membrane known as corneal guttae. Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) has evolved to become the standard of care for patients with FECD with excellent visual acuity outcomes. Patients with FECD may have coexisting cataracts and therefore may require a cataract surgery, which increases the risk of corneal decompensation. The presence of FECD may not only influence the choice of intraocular lens but vision outcomes can also be affected by the corneal condition. The ability to combine the surgeries further raises important considerations regarding the timing and sequence of DMEK and cataract extraction for patients with FECD. This review provides a guide for corneal surgeons in choosing between endothelial keratoplasty and cataract surgery—alone, in combination or sequential—in their management of patients with FECD.
- Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty
- Fuchs endothelial dystrophy
- Triple procedure
ASJC Scopus subject areas