Tn7 insertion into its specific target site, attTn7, is mediated by the proteins TnsA, TnsB, TnsC and TnsD. The double-strand breaks that separate Tn7 from the donor DNA require the Tns proteins, the transposon and an attTn7 target DNA, suggesting that a prerequisite for transposition is the formation of a nucleoprotein complex containing TnsABC+D, and these DNAs. Here, we identify a TnsABC+D transposon-attTn7 complex, and demonstrate that it is a transposition intermediate. We demonstrate that an interaction between TnsB, the transposase subunit that binds to the transposon ends, and TnsC, the target DNA-binding protein that controls the activity of the transposase, is essential for assembly of the TnsABC+D transposon-attTn7 complex. We also show that certain TnsB residues are required for recombination because they mediate a TnsB-TnsC interaction critical to formation of the TnsABC+D transposon-attTn7 complex. We demonstrate that TnsA, the other transposase subunit, which also interacts with TnsC, greatly stabilizes the TnsABC+D transposon-attTn7 complex. Thus multiple interactions between the transposase subunits, TnsA and TnsB, and the target-binding transposase activator, TnsC, control Tn7 transposition.
- DNA transposition
- DNA-protein complex
- Enzyme activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)