Force-frequency relationship and early relaxation kinetics are preserved upon sarcoplasmic blockade in human myocardium

Jae Hoon Chung, Benjamin D. Canan, Bryan A. Whitson, Ahmet Kilic, Paul M.L. Janssen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In this study, we investigated the quantitative and qualitative role of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in the regulation of the force-frequency relationship (FFR). We blocked the function of SR with cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) and ryanodine and measured twitch kinetics and developed force at various stimulation frequencies in nonfailing and failing intact human right ventricular trabeculae. We found that developed forces are only slightly reduced upon SR blockade, while the positive FFR in nonfailing trabeculae and negative FFR in failing trabeculae were both preserved. The contraction kinetics (dF/dt, dF/dt/F, and time to peak), however, were significantly slower at all frequencies tested. Kinetics of first 50% of relaxation (RT50) was not affected by SR blockade. Kinetics of entire relaxation process (RT90) was overall slower at low frequencies, but not at high frequencies. From our findings, we conclude that the SR is not essential for FFR, and its role in regulation of FFR lies mostly in contraction kinetics. Unlike small rodents, human myocardium contractile function is near-normal in absence of a functional SR with little changes in contractile force, and with preservation with the main regulation of FFR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13898
JournalPhysiological Reports
Issue number20
StatePublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Contraction
  • EC coupling
  • heart failure
  • ryanodine receptor
  • trabeculae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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