Fluid therapy in neurointensive care patients: ESICM consensus and clinical practice recommendations

Mauro Oddo, Daniele Poole, Raimund Helbok, Geert Meyfroidt, Nino Stocchetti, Pierre Bouzat, Maurizio Cecconi, Thomas Geeraerts, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Hervé Quintard, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Romergryko G. Geocadin, Claude Hemphill, Carole Ichai, David Menon, Jean François Payen, Anders Perner, Martin Smith, José Suarez, Walter VidettaElisa R. Zanier, Giuseppe Citerio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Objective: To report the ESICM consensus and clinical practice recommendations on fluid therapy in neurointensive care patients. Design: A consensus committee comprising 22 international experts met in October 2016 during ESICM LIVES2016. Teleconferences and electronic-based discussions between the members of the committee subsequently served to discuss and develop the consensus process. Methods: Population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes (PICO) questions were reviewed and updated as needed, and evidence profiles generated. The consensus focused on three main topics: (1) general fluid resuscitation and maintenance in neurointensive care patients, (2) hyperosmolar fluids for intracranial pressure control, (3) fluid management in delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid haemorrhage. After an extensive literature search, the principles of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system were applied to assess the quality of evidence (from high to very low), to formulate treatment recommendations as strong or weak, and to issue best practice statements when applicable. A modified Delphi process based on the integration of evidence provided by the literature and expert opinions—using a sequential approach to avoid biases and misinterpretations—was used to generate the final consensus statement. Results: The final consensus comprises a total of 32 statements, including 13 strong recommendations and 17 weak recommendations. No recommendations were provided for two statements. Conclusions: We present a consensus statement and clinical practice recommendations on fluid therapy for neurointensive care patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-463
Number of pages15
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018


  • Evidence‐based medicine
  • Fluid therapy
  • Guidelines
  • Hypertonic
  • Intracerebral haemorrhage
  • Mannitol
  • Neurointensive care
  • Stroke
  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Fluid therapy in neurointensive care patients: ESICM consensus and clinical practice recommendations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this