Flicker and movement constituents of the pattern reversal response

H. Spekreijse, G. Dagnelie, J. Maier, D. Regan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


A counterphase-modulated (i.e. contrast reversing) pattern will affect hypothetical neural elements sensitive to motion as well as hypothetical elements sensitive to changes in contrast and other elements sensitive to local luminance. Attempts to describe visual evoked potentials (VEPs) to contrast reversal entirely in terms of luminance change or entirely in terms of contrast change have been unsuccessful; strong interactions between responses to contrast decrease and increase had to be postulated ad hoc in order to account for the contrast reversal VEP, and no explanation for these interactions has been proposed. Rather than attempting to separate the reversal VEP into responses to contrast decrease and increase, we attempt here to analyze the reversal VEP into responses to motion onset and offset. We find that VEPs to an abrupt displacement of less than one square's width of a checkerboard pattern are qualitatively similar to the contrast reversal VEP, and that the displacement VEP can be seen as the limiting case of a motion onset response shortly followed by a motion offset response. When displacement occurs during steady motion, the displacement and motion responses interact. We conclude that the contrast reversal VEP is better described in terms of motion onset and offset response than in terms of contrast onset and offset responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1297-1304
Number of pages8
JournalVision Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes


  • Evoked potentials
  • Motion
  • Pattern
  • Vision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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