Flap designs for lower lip reconstruction

Robert A. Ord, Alexander E. Pazoki

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Lower lip reconstruction is ideally achieved with innervated flaps that supply mucosa, functional muscle, and skin. These flaps should be capable of being used when vermilionectomy is necessary. The size and shape of the defect determine the optimal flap. This article illustrates the flaps used by the authors for particular reconstructive problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-511
Number of pages15
JournalOral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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