Fistula formation between the right and left main bronchus caused by endobronchial tuberculosis

Alireza Nemati, Enayat Safavi, Mehrnaz GhasemiEsfe, Mohammadreza Zahedpour Anaraki, Shahram Firoozbakhsh, Omid Khalilzadeh, Mehdi Anvari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The prevalence of endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) in patients with active tuberculosis is about 10% to 40%. The most common complication of EBTB is bronchial stenosis. Fistula formation by pulmonary tuberculosis is a very rare complication and is most commonly bronchopleural. The authors present a 53-year-old woman presented with chronic cough and abnormality in chest computed tomography scan. According to chest computed tomography scan finding, bronchoscopic study was done and bronchial lavage was obtained. Bronchial lavage was positive for acid fast bacilli. Bronchoscopy showed fistula formation between the right and left main bronchus, a rare manifestation of EBTB. The patient was treated with antituberculosis therapy, and her symptoms improved and radiological findings showed regression of pulmonary lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)330-331
Number of pages2
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Bronchoscopy
  • Chronic cough
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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