Fetal CHD and perinatal outcomes

Christina J. Ge, Amanda C. Mahle, Irina Burd, Priya Sekar, Eric B. Jelin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate delivery management and outcomes in fetuses prenatally diagnosed with CHD.Study design: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 6194 fetuses (born between 2013 and 2016), comparing prenatally diagnosed with CHD (170) to those with non-cardiac (234) and no anomalies (5790). Primary outcomes included the incidence of preterm delivery and mode of delivery.Results: Gestational age at delivery was significantly lower between the CHD and non-anomalous cohorts (38.6 and 39.1 weeks, respectively). Neonates with CHD had a significantly lower birth weights (p < 0.001). There was an approximately 1.5-fold increase in the rate of primary cesarean sections associated with prenatally diagnosed CHD with an odds ratio of 1.49 (95% CI 1.06-2.10).Conclusions: Our study provides additional evidence that the prenatal diagnosis of CHD is associated with a lower birth weight, preterm delivery, and with an increased risk of delivery by primary cesarean section.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-691
Number of pages6
JournalCardiology in the young
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2020


  • CHD
  • fetal anomalies
  • prenatal
  • preterm delivery
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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