Fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders

E. A. Jacobs, S. M. Copperman, A. Joffe, J. Kulig, C. A. McDonald, P. D. Rogers, R. Z. Shah, M. Armentano, G. M. Boyd, D. Czechowicz, R. B. Heyman, S. E. Spencer, P. R. Ziring, D. Brazdziunas, W. C. Cooley, T. A. Kastner, M. E. Kummer, L. Gonzalez de Pijem, R. D. Quint, E. S. RuppertA. D. Sandler, W. C. Anderson, P. Arango, C. Garner, M. McPherson, L. Michaud, M. Yeargin-Allsopp, C. Johnson, L. S.M. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Prenatal exposure to alcohol is one of the leading preventable causes of birth defects, mental retardation, and neurodevelopmental disorders. In 1973, a cluster of birth defects resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure was recognized as a clinical entity called fetal alcohol syndrome. More recently, alcohol exposure in utero has been linked to a variety of other neurodevelopmental problems, and the terms alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder and alcohol-related birth defects have been proposed to identify infants so affected. This statement is an update of a previous statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics and reflects the current thinking about alcohol exposure in utero and the revised nosology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-361
Number of pages4
Issue number2 I
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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