Feasibility of Picture-Based Asthma Medication Plans in Urban Pediatric Outpatient Clinics

Stephanie J. Mitchell, Andrew L. Bilderback, Sande O. Okelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Picture-based Asthma Action Plans show promise for overcoming parental literacy barriers and improving child asthma outcomes, but it is uncertain how parents respond to pictures of specific medications, which may be particularly important for improving disease self-management. Thus, we assessed parent attitudes toward an asthma-related picture-based medication plan (PBMP) in an urban academic pediatric clinic and examined attitudes by literacy level. Surveys were administered to a convenience sample of parents of children presenting to an urban pediatric pulmonary clinic for asthma consultation between March and August 2011. The Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine-Short Form (REALM-SF) was administered to parents. Parents indicated their level of agreement with 9 statements on the potential usefulness of the PBMP: (1) before being shown a PBMP; and (2) after seeing the doctor. McNemar's tests showed that the proportion of high-literate parents (≥9th grade reading level) who endorsed the potential benefits of the PBMP after the clinical encounter was significantly higher than before the clinical encounter. A high proportion of low-literate parents (<9th grade reading level) consistently endorsed the PBMP before and after the clinical encounter. Among a diverse sample seen in an urban asthma clinic, parents of all literacy levels endorse PBMPs as useful, especially after using them in clinical encounters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-99
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric, Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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