Feasibility and willingness to pay for dengue vaccine in the threat of dengue fever outbreaks in Vietnam

Long Hoang Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Cuong Duy Do, Chi Linh Hoang, Thao Phuong Nguyen, Trang Thi Dang, Giang Thu Vu, Tung Thanh Tran, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S. Ho, Roger C.M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: The escalation of dengue fever (DF) cases in recent years and the occurrence of a large-scale DF outbreak in 2017 underline the importance of dengue vaccines in Vietnam. Given the potential benefits of the dengue vaccines and the need for copayment by the private sector, this study aims to evaluate the willingness to pay (WTP) for the dengue vaccines in patients with DF in Northern Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 330 in-and-out patients with DF admitted to the Bach Mai Hospital. We used the contingent valuation method to evaluate the WTP for dengue vaccines. Socioeconomic and clinical characteristics were also investigated. Multivariate interval and logistic regression models were used to estimate the average amount of WTP and identify the factors associated with the WTP. Results: Around 77.3% patients were willing to pay an average amount of US$ 67.4 (95% CI=57.4–77.4) for the vaccine. People of higher ages, those having health insurance, those traveling in the past 15 days or suffering from anxiety/depression were less likely to be willing to pay for the dengue vaccine. However, people having a longer duration of DF or having problems with mobility were positively associated with WTP for the dengue vaccine. Patients educated to more than high school levels (Coeff.=31.31; 95% CI=3.26–59.35), those in the richest quintile (Coeff.=62.76; 95% CI=25.40; 100.13), or those having a longer duration of the disease (Coeff.=6.18; 95% CI=0.72–11.63) were willing to pay a higher amount. Conclusion: This study highlights a relatively high rate and amount of WTP for the dengue vaccine among patients with DF. Psychological counseling services as well as educational campaigns should be undertaken to improve the WTP for the vaccine. Moreover, government subsidies should be given to increase the coverage of the vaccine in the future, especially for the poor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1917-1926
Number of pages10
JournalPatient Preference and Adherence
StatePublished - 2018


  • Contingent valuation
  • Dengue
  • Vaccine
  • Vietnam
  • Willingness to pay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy


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