Objective: The use of airway stents in the pediatric population is uncommon, reflected in the few patient series reported in the literature. We describe a fatal complication of tracheal stent placement in an 18-month-old child with spondylothoracic dysplasia. Design: Case report. Setting: Intensive care unit of a tertiary academic pediatric center. Patient: An 18-month-old child with spondylothoracic dysplasia who underwent tracheal stent placement for tracheomalacia. Interventions: Management of an acute upper-airway hemorrhage. Main Results: The patient died, despite aggressive interventions. Conclusion: Use of tracheal stents in pediatric patients with tracheomalacia is not without risks; tracheal erosion with severe hemoptysis is an infrequent but devastating complication of this intervention.
- Jarcho-Levin syndrome
- Spondylothoracic dysplasia
- Tracheoarterial fistulas
- Tracheobronchial stents
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine