Family Surrogates? The Drug Culture or the Methadone Maintenance Program

M. C. Kamback, Willem G.A. Bosma, Burton C. D'Lugoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Review af existing treatment methods coupled with extensive clinical contact with outpatient methadone maintenance clients suggests that, the primary difficulty in treatment u nut in the chemical properties af the drug “per se” but rather what the drug represents – a sustaining familial life style system. Item analysis of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) profiles indicates that social deviance is incorporated as an adopted life style which extremely resistant to change. The tenacity with which the individual dings to the drug abuse life style is an indicant of the support provided by the drug culture and is indicative of the amount of support which must be provided before any permanent change can be effected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-176
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Addiction to Alcohol & Other Drugs
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1977
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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