Purpose: Renovascular hypertension is an unusual cause of elevated mean arterial pressure in children. When suspected, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-enhanced renal scintigraphy is usually one of the initial studies done to evaluate patients. The accuracy of this test depends not only on patient selection but also on technical factors involved in performing the study. We report a case of a false-positive angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-enhanced radionuclide renogram in a 5-year-old boy with hypertension. Methods: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-enhanced renal scintigraphy was performed and the result was interpreted as positive for bilateral renovascular disease. A review of the anesthesia record from the study revealed that the patient was hypotensive. A repeated study with adequate hydration and blood pressure stability was then done. Results: The result of the second examination was interpreted as normal, without evidence of abnormal renovascular physiology. Conclusions: The cause of the initial false-positive result was determined to be dehydration with secondary hypotension. Dehydration, with secondary hypotension, can cause a diminished glomerular filtration rate and mimic bilateral renovascular physiology on angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-enhanced renal scans.
- Renal Scintigraphy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology