Factors related to infertility in the united states, 1965-1976

William D. Mosher, Sevgi O. Aral

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Although the overall rate of infertility among American women of reproductive age remained fairly constant between 1965 and 1976, the percentage of young black women who were infertile increased very sharply. In 1976, 18% of black women of reproductive age were infertile, whereas only 9% of white women of the same age were infertile. With use of national data bases, the relationships between sexual activity, compli­cations of pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, pelvic inflammatory disease, use of contraception, and infertility were examined. Available evidence shows a strong association be­tween sexually transmitted diseases, pelvic inflammatory dis­ease, and infertility trends. Our projections indicate that sexually transmitted diseases operating through pelvic infections account for much of the race differential in infertility as well as for one-half to one-third of the increase. In 1976 5-8% of 20-29-year-old black women were estimated to suffer infertility attributable to sexually transmitted diseases. Among white women the estimated incidence of infertility caused by sexually transmitted diseases was 0.7-1%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-123
Number of pages7
JournalSexually transmitted diseases
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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