Factors associated with violence by a current partner in a nationally representative sample of German women

Heidi Stöckl, Lori Heise, Charlotte Watts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Partner violence is a serious human rights violation and public health issue. Although its pervasiveness is well documented, more research is needed on risk and protective factors to inform interventions. This study is based on a secondary analysis of the first national survey on violence against women in Germany. Women who reported partner violence by their current partner were compared to women who never reported partner violence. The prevalence of physical or sexual violence, or both, by current partners was 17 per cent. Women who experienced violence during their childhood had higher odds of experiencing partner violence. Partner violence was associated with women's drug use in the last 5years, physical disability or debilitating illness, having more than three children, experiencing violence by a non-partner and feeling socially excluded. The odds of violence also increased if both partners were unemployed or lacked vocational training or if only the woman had vocational skills. Relationships shorter than 5years or where the man or both partners drank heavily were likewise associated with higher odds of violence. Partner violence interventions should focus on reducing children's exposure to violenceand preparing women and men for the job market as well as including interventions that tackle social isolation and substance use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)694-709
Number of pages16
JournalSociology of Health and Illness
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Domestic violence
  • Gender
  • Germany
  • Prevalence
  • Risk and protective factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Factors associated with violence by a current partner in a nationally representative sample of German women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this