Objective: To assess factors associated with timing of hepatoportoenterostomy (HPE) and adverse perioperative outcomes in patients with biliary atresia in the US. Study design: We examined hospitalizations in infants aged <1 year using the National Inpatient Sample database for 2000-2011. We identified cases using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes for biliary atresia and HPE. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine association between select factors and age at HPE, as well as adverse perioperative outcomes. Results: Our analysis of 1243 biliary atresia hospitalizations showed that only 37.7% of patients had HPE in the first 60 days of life. Patients who underwent HPE after 60 days of age were uninsured, were more likely to be black (aOR, 4.22; 95% CI, 1.49-11.95), less likely to be admitted at a teaching hospital (aOR, 0.27; 95% CI 0.10-0.79), and less likely to have a concomitant congenital malformation (aOR, 0.49; 95% CI 0.25-0.98). Patients with delayed age at HPE incurred significantly higher hospital costs ($57 914 vs $34 074; P =.026). Delayed age at HPE and weekend admission were independently associated with increased odds of adverse perioperative outcome (aOR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.01-3.02 and 3.98; 95% CI, 1.67-9.46, respectively). Conclusion: Current outcomes in patients with biliary atresia in the United States are suboptimal and result in higher costs. The specific factors associated with delayed care are further evidence that universal health care and screening are needed for all infants, along with systematic referral of potential patients with biliary atresia to specialized health centers.
- biliary atresia
- healthcare cost and utilization project
- Kasai hepatoportoenterostomy
- nationwide inpatient sample
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health