Factors associated with intraoperative conversion during robotic sacrocolpopexy

Brian J. Linder, George K. Chow, Lindsay L. Hertzig, Marisa Clifton, Daniel S. Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate for potential predictors of intraoperative conversion from robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSC) to open abdominal sacrocolpopexy. Patients and Methods: We identified 83 consecutive patients from 2002-2012 with symptomatic high-grade post-hysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse that underwent RSC. Multiple clinical variables including patient age, comorbidities (body-mass index [BMI], hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco use), prior intra-abdominal surgery and year of surgery were evaluated for potential association with conversion. Results: Overall, 14/83 cases (17%) required conversion to an open sacrocolpopexy. Patients requiring conversion were found to have a significantly higher BMI compared to those who did not (median 30.2kg/m2 versus 25.8kg/m2; p=0.003). Other medical and surgical factors evaluated were similar between the cohorts. When stratified by increasing BMI, conversion remained associated with an increased BMI. That is, conversion occurred in 3.8% (1/26) of patients with BMI =25 kg/m2, 14.7% (5/34) with BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2 and 34.7% (8/23) with BMI =30 kg/m2 (p=0.004). When evaluated as a continuous variable, BMI was also associated with a significantly increased risk of conversion to an open procedure (OR 1.18, p=0.004). Conclusions: Higher BMI was the only clinical factor associated with a significantly increased risk of intra-operative conversion during robotic sacrocolpopexy. Recognition of this may aid in pre-operative counseling and surgical patient selection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Braz J Urol
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Obesity
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Robotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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