Facial Reanimation. Discussion and Debate.

Kofi Boahene, Patrick Byrne, Barry M. Schaitkin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


1. What forms of nonsurgical therapy (physical therapy, electrical stimulation, and so forth) do you recommend to improve the outcome of facial paralysis and why? 2. Explain your preoperative assessment tool for deciding what to do (Eye reanimation? Who needs a medial canthoplasty? and so forth). 3. How do you assess the results of management of facial paralysis? 4. Discuss the use of end-to-side anastomosis (Viterbo concept of something for nothing). Should it be used; why or why not? 5. What is your preferred method for temporalis muscle transposition and why? Are there any tricks to improving the results? 6. Do you use cross-facial nerve jump grafts and use them for free muscle innervation? If so, what are the pearls you have learned from this technique and when do you use it? 7. Analysis: Over the past 5 years, how has your approach evolved or what have you learned/observed in working with reanimation?

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-402
Number of pages20
JournalFacial plastic surgery clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2012


  • End-to-side anastomosis
  • Facial paralysis
  • Facial reanimation
  • Nonsurgical therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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