Facial palsy: Anatomy, etiology, grading, and surgical treatment

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The modern microvascular reconstructive surgeon has quite an arsenal when managing the paralyzed face and injury to the facial nerve. After a brief description of the anatomy, etiology, facial nerve syndromes, and grading schemes, we detail our approach to the patient with facial paralysis. In reviewing our methods, we discuss the organ-based timing protocol, along with recent advancements in surgical technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)379-389
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of reconstructive microsurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2008


  • Bell's palsy
  • CN VII
  • Facial nerve
  • Facial palsy
  • Facial paralysis
  • Facial reanimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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