Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Melania M. Bembea, Allan Goldman, Osami Honjo, Ravi R. Thiagarajan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an established modality of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) for patients with severe, refractory cardiac and/or respiratory failure. ECMO evolved as an extension of the cardiopulmonary bypass technology developed in the 1950s and has now been used in a wide variety of patients. This chapter will examine the principles of ECMO, the indications and contraindications, management during ECMO, and outcomes. Highlighted will be the use of ECMO in pediatric cardiac failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCritical Heart Disease in Infants and Children
ISBN (Electronic)9781455707607
ISBN (Print)9781455751006
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Anticoagulation
  • ECLS
  • ECMO
  • Pump
  • Venoarterial ECMO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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