Exposure to Racial Discrimination and Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Women with Type 2 Diabetes

Julie Wagner, Howard Tennen, Patrick Finan, Richard Feinn, Matthew M. Burg, Asani Seawell, William B. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Diabetes is the only disorder in which women's risk for heart disease exceeds men's. Elevated blood pressure (BP) increases cardiovascular risk in people with type 2 diabetes. Racial discrimination and neuroticism are both associated with BP levels but have not been examined in concert. This study investigated self-reported racial discrimination, neuroticism and ambulatory BP in women with type 2 diabetes. Thirty-nine Black and 38 White women completed a race-neutral version of the Schedule of Racist Events; BP was evaluated using ambulatory monitoring devices. Actigraphy and diaries were used to document times of sleep and wakefulness. Racial discrimination interacted with neuroticism to predict systolic and diastolic BP both while awake and during sleep, after adjustment for covariates. For each, the influence of racist events was stronger at lower levels of neuroticism. Racial discrimination is associated with higher levels of 24-h BP in diabetic women who are low in neuroticism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-345
Number of pages9
JournalStress and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016


  • blood pressure
  • neuroticism
  • racial discrimination
  • type 2 diabetes
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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